Peptic ulcer is common gastrointestinal disorder caused due to gastrointestinal mucosal ulceration in acid bearing regions,formed and maintained by acid pepsin digestion and characterised by dyspepsia and upper abdominal pain.
Cause of Peptic Ulcer is classified according to the clinical types of Peptic Ulcer that is acute cause and chronic cause.
acute cause-severe burns,septicaemia,surgery,iatrogenic cause like drug abuse of steroids.
chronic cause-exact cause is not known.
Predisposing causes are genetic predisposition,infection with helicobacter pylori,hormonal irregularity especially in womens,anxiety prone personality,mental stress,irritants like smoking,alcohol,spicy food,irregular meals,miscellaneous cause like cirrhosis,hyperparathyroidism.
age group-peptic ulcer is common in the age group of 40-60 years. chronic Peptic Ulcer is common in males.
Acute Peptic Ulcer is clinically characterised by symptoms which have sudden onset,haematemesis and malaena,mild tenderness in the epigastric region are few of the symptoms of Peptic Ulcer
chronic Peptic Ulcer is clinically characterised by pain which comes on immediately after eating food. Location of pain is epigastric region towards left side,which radiates to chest,back. character of pain is dull aching. pain is better by vomiting,missing meals,antacids,milk. heartburn,weight loss,haematemesis,malaena.
Person suffering with Peptic Ulcer looks lean,thin and poor nutrition.
Correct the cause, bed rest during acute phase,regular hours of rest and sleep, avoid excessive fatigue, avoid undue mental stress.