Leukoplakia is condition that affects the gastrointestinal l tract especially the gums,tongue,lip,cheek.
Leukoplakia is a premalignant condition(condition that may become malignant if not treated early) slowly developing change in oral mucosa characterised by thickened white,flat,firmly attached patches..
- The exact cause of Leukoplakia is not known.
- Predisposing factors of Leukoplakia are smoking,betel nut chewing,tobacco,alcohol,spicy food,sharp/jagged teeth,badly fitting of dentures.
- Leukoplakia is common in males.
- Leukoplakia seen in immunocompromised individual is called hairy Leukoplakia .
Clinically Leukoplakia is characterised by onset of symptoms which are insidious. Symptoms like sensitiveness to food,drinks. Leukoplakia affects gums,lip,cheeks and tongue.
Signs of Leucoplakia are the characterised by small firm patches which is persistent,gradually enlarging,white in colour,irregular,sharply defined,flat or raised,thickened,rough to touch,surrounding mucous membrane is red. If induration of the patch is seen,it indicates malignancy.
Leukoplakia is pre-malignant condition,complications are changing of pre-malignant condition into malignant condition like fissuring,ulceration.
Avoid all the mentioned predisposing factors like quit smoking,stop chewing betel nuts..etc.
Maintain oral hygiene.