Gastritis is a common gastrointestinal disorder,caused due to inflammation of gastric mucosal lining characterised by epigastric pain,nausea and vomiting.
Causes of Gastritis are classified according to clinical type as erosive gastritis cause and non-erosive gastritis cause
Erosive gastritis-Irritants like alcohol,smoking,spices;corrosives like acids and alkalies;severe stress like trauma,shock,burns;it is common in any age group
Non-erosive cause are of two types-type A cause-pernicious anaemia,gastric ulcer,gastric carcinoma. type B-infection with helicobacter pylori is common in middle age group.
Clinically Gastritis symptoms have a sudden onset(erosive Gastritis) or insidious onset(non-erosive Gastritis). Pain is aggravated by eating,anorexia,nausea,vomiting,upper abdominal pain,haematemesis and malena,hiccough,anxiety and restlessness.
In acute gastritis(erosive Gastritis) hypovolaemic shock(severe bleeding),iron deficiency anaemia due to chronic occult bleeding.
Adequate physical and mental rest,liquid bland diet,avoid irregular meals,avoid irritant things,maintain fluid,electrolytes balance,correct anaemia.